Spices Names

Spices Names
English Hindi Tamil Kannada Marathi Konkani Gujarati Notes – recipes and uses
Aniseeds, fennel seeds Saunf Sombu   Badishop   Variyali  
Asafoetida Hing Perumkayam, perungaya Hingu Hing Hingu Hing Good for digestion
Basil seeds, sweet basil Sabja seeds, subja, falooda seeds, tukmaria     Sabja seeds   Tukmariya Added to falooda
Bay Leaf Indian tej patta, tamalpatra Brinji elai       Tamal patra Tej patta leaves are commonly called as Indian bay leaves.
But they are not related to the bay laurel leaves.
Both have different appearance and aroma.
Tej patta has an aroma similar to that of cinnamon bark
While bay leaves have a lemony aroma.
Big mustard seeds Sarson         Sarsav  
Black cardamom Badi elaichi Periya elakkai       Elcho  
Black cumin seeds Kala jeera Karung seeragam          
Black mustard seeds Rai Kadughu       Rai  
Black pepper Kali mirch Milagu Menasinkalu Kali miri   Mari  
Black salt Kala namak         Sanchal Used in shinkanjvi – Indian lemonade.
You can add them in fruit juices.
It has a sulphric taste & add a lot of zing to the drink
Caraway seeds Shahjeera Perum seeragam       Shahjeera  
Carom seeds,
Thymol seeds,
Bishops weed
Ajwain Omam Owa Owa Wonwo Ajmo  
Chilli powder Lal mirch powder Milagai tool       Marchu powder  
Cinnamon Dalchini Lavanga pattai, pattai Dal chini Dal chini Dal chini Taja  
Clarified butter Ghee Nei       Ghee  
Cloves Laung, lavang Krambu       Laving  
Coconut desiccated Sukha nariyal ka choora/boora Thuruvina thengai       Topranu khaman  
Coconut dry Sukha nariyal Ularndha thengai   Copra   Copra, khopru  
Coconut fresh Nariyal Thengai   Chobra   Khopru, topru  
Coriander powder Dhania powder Dhaniya podi   Dhane pood      
Coriander seeds Sabut dhania Kottumalli
Vidai, dhaniya
  Dhane   Kothmir na dana  
Coriander, cilantro Dhaniya, dhania Kothamalli ilai       Kothmari/kothmir  
Cumin seeds Jeera Jeerakam       Jeeru  
Curry leaves Kari patta, kadipatha Karuveppilai       Limda, mitho limbdo  
Dry fenugreek leaves Kasoori methi Kaaindha vendhaya ilaigal          
Dry ginger Saunth, sounth, soonth Sukku Sunthi Sunth Sunthi Sunth Saunth chutney recipe
Dry mango powder Amchur Mangai podi Mavinkai
Churu
Ambyacha
Chur
Amchur Amchur Very often added in Punjabi recipes like chole, rajma
Fenugreek seeds Methi ke dane Menthiyam,
Ventiyam
  Methya dane   Methi dana  
Fenugreek Methi VenThaiam          
Garlic Lasan, lahsun, lahsan Poondu   Lasun   Lasan  
Fresh ginger Adrak, adhrak Inji   Ala   Adu  
Dry ginger Saunth, sonth Sukku   Sunth   Sunth  
Green cardamom Hari elaichi, choti elaichi Elakkai   Veldoda. Velchi   Elchi  
Green chilli Hari mirch Pachai milagai   Hirvi mirchi   Chidiya marcha/lilu marchu  
Ground nut, peanuts Moongphalli, mungphali Nila kadalei   Sheng dane   Shing  
Holy basil Tulsi Tulasi   Tulas   Tulsi  
Jaggery Gur Vellam Bella Gul God Gol  
Palm jaggery Tara gura, sharkara tada Pana vellam          
Lime Nimboo, nimbu Elumichai   Limbu   Limbu  
Cocum, kokum Bhirinda, bhirnda     Kokam, aamsul      
Lime peel Nimbu ka chilka Elumichai thol          
Mace Jayitri, javitri, javntry Jaipatri Jaipatri Jaipatri Jaipatri Javintri  
Mint Pudina, podina Pudina, pudhina   Pudina   Phudino  
Nutmeg Jaiphal Jhadhikkai   Jaiphal   Jaiphal  
Onion seeds,
Nigella
Kalonji, kalaungi Kalonji       Kalonji  
Pine nuts Chilgoze, nioze            
Dry pomegranate seeds Anardana Kaaindha maadhulai vidhaigal       Dadum na dana  
Poppy seeds Khus khus Khasa khasa   Khas   Khas khas  
Raisins Kismish Kaindha dratchai / ularndha dratchai   Bedane   Suki draksh  
Red chilli Lal mirch Milakai
Vatral
  Lal mirchi      
Rock salt Sendha namak Kal uppu   Sendhe laun   Sindhalu
Mithu
Used in religious fasting as common salt
Is not allowed during fasting/vrat
Rock flower,
Stone flower
Pathar phool Kalpaasi   Dagad phool      
Salt Namak Uppu   Meeth   Mithu  
Sesame seeds Til Ellu   Til   Tul  
Saffron Kunkuma, kesar, zafran Kumkumappu   Keshar   Kesar  
Screwpine, pandanus Kewra Rambai ilaigal          
Sichuan pepper,
Szechwan pepper
Timur, tirphal, tephal, teppal            
Star anise Chakriphool Lavanga poo          
Sultanas Munakka           Easily available in north India
Tamarind Imli Puli   Chincha      
Turmeric Haldi Manjal   Halad      
Vetiver Khus            
Vinegar Sirka            
 water melon seeds Tarbuj ke beej Tharboosani vidhaigal          
Cat : Tips tricks
Spices Names